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How to Make Your Own Compost

As more homeowners turn to organic gardening, a compost pile will become necessary. Every home should use compost to enrich their soil and eliminate chemical fertilizers that are bad for their health and the environment. Furthermore, taking advantage of a compost pile in your garden will help lower your carbon footprint and compost helps to enrich your soil’s humus.

Two Types of Compost Methods

There are two ways to make a compost for your garden. Cold composting is a simple process, but takes about a year for it to decompose. However, hot composting controls the micro-organisms that help speed up the decay process. Therefore, in a month the compost is ready for your garden.

You simply add your yard waste such as leaves and grass clipping to your hot or cold compost pile. You can add small branches and twigs to your compost pile. Each time you have organic food waste such as peelings or spoiled fruits and vegetable, throw them in the bin. Continue to add to your pile each time you clean up your garden.

Cold Composting

In your garden, you’ll need to have a compost bin or build a simple structure to hold your compost. The compost pile should be at least 3 feet deep by 3 feet wide. A simple way to build the structure is to use 4 posts and some wire. Cover the pile so it stays dry and it won’t decay. When you have finished the container, make sure to leave access at the bottom of the container. You’ll take your compost from the bottom of the pile.

Hot Composting

A hot compost pile needs three ingredients; water, greens, and browns.

The browns for your compost will include all your dead leaves, twigs, and branches. Your greens will include vegetable waste, coffee grounds, fruit scraps, and grass clippings. Afterwards, add water to your container to wet the pile of waste. Cover the container so your compost waste doesn’t get too much water when it rains. If your compost pile has too much water the pile will start to rot and not make your compost. 

Never add these items to your compost pile: 

  • Yogurt
  • Butter
  • Sour cream
  • Lard
  • Meat or fish bones
  • Milk
  • Diseased or insect-ridden plants
  • Pet waste from dogs or cats
  • Yard trimmings treated with chemical pesticides

Periodically check your compost pile to ensure that it is decomposing. Place your hand over the pile to test for heat. The pile should give off heat during the decay process. You’ll need to regularly turn the pile to add more oxygen. Your compost is ready to when it no longer gives off heat or becomes crumbly, dry or brown.

 

Image: flickr.com

Awan Cheyanne

About Awan Cheyanne

Awan is a technical engineer, freelance blogger and hobbyist.

Awan Cheyanne

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